**Luxury Carpet Production Limited** - visual elegance

## How we Measure and more

We have a special way to measure and this article shows how we do it, it is worth a read in case there is a tip you do not know. The following method has been used by the author who with over forty years experience in the carpet industry still uses this procedure. It is our standard way of measuring at Luxury Carpet Production If you are new to full detail measuring for bespoke luxury carpet then the following method if you follow them will not set you wrong. The diagrams unit figures are set in feet and inches being the method the author grow up with and then converted to metres many years ago but has used the old British method used in this document for the American market and other countries who still uses them. The following diagrams are giving the bare minimum amount of measurements that are needed, just to give you a idea and direction, it would be best to add more for cross reference to help when it is redrawn to scale. More measurements are better then the basic number.

To begin making every manufactured Bespoke Custom Luxury Carpet measurements of the proposed area needs to be taken. Much of the good result of the work depends on the accuracy and care with which the measurements are taken, and written down. The measuring plan will be used for calculating the yardage, metreage of carpet required, and to be converted on computer so design artwork can be placed and scaled to the area to give you a visual view of the layout of the design for your room.

Architect's drawings and plans are useful for the preliminary work, but it is unwise to manufacture, make up and finish a carpet to such a plan, as the sizes given do not usually take into account the skirting boards, build in units, recesses, returns and walls built not to plan.

How we start, ............

Starting from the door, take the measurements in inches or millimeters including projections and recesses around the room until you reach the door again on the other side, make sure you include the door width. Diagonal measurements will be needed and must be accurately taken. Take an extreme measurement along the wall, the sum of the short measurements must agree with the overall measurements, and if it does not, the short measurement must be checked and corrected. Continue round the whole room, measuring and checking in this way. Give measurements across the front of the recesses at either side of built in units, fireplace. When the wall measuring are complete, the overall measurements on opposite sides of the room may show that the wall are parallel. If this is the case, draw in diagonal dotted lines on the plan. Diagonal measurements must be very accurately taken as they cannot be checked by reference to the sum of other measurements. Care must be taken to put the figure on the plan in the correct place, as it is easy to put it on the wrong diagonal

When a wall does not run true along its length, or a projection is not at right angles to the wall, further measurements must be given to enable the CAD designer to set them off. These irregularities will either be obvious to the eye (if there is floorboards this will some times reveal them), or else they will appear from the measurements taken.

One method used in measuring irregular shapes is to "square them off" geometrically and details of method used is below fig 1. In most cases however a straight wall can be selected to use as a base line, and angle measurements can be taken from it to fix the position of the point. At least two measurements must be given to the point to enable the CAD designer to "prove it", and the aim should be to build up a series of triangles from base line, using angle measurements and overalls. We found this method very effective.

Angles must be taken from a definite point, preferably from a main wall, and not a fitting although sometimes an artificial point can be used if it is clearly marked.

Assuming that the room being measured has no bay windows or curved walls, the plan is almost complete. Remember to take photos this will give you a minder and give the designer help with the concept. Take a picture of your plan so you can see your measurements this is handy in case you lose the plan or you need to email the details. Check that all the dimensions have been written in, and mark the extreme width and length of the room by underlining the measurements on the plan. This will help estimator and designer, and often serves to identify a room or area in a Hotel, Super Boat, House or Home.

On the plan mark all doorways these should be marked "door to hall" "door to lounge" "entrance" "cupboard", etc. If the carpet is to be hemmed finished anywhere, special points needs to be marked on the plan specially side of staircases which is open or will be a runner down the staircase.

Unusual conditions on any part of the job or project like, bad floor or concrete section, give details specially any large furniture and any special instructions from the customer, remember to indicate which floor and would you be able to carry the carpet to the area with out damaging the decor, all this must be marked on the floor plan.

Note: if the floorboards are gaping, large cracks in the floor will let dusk through and cause streaks in a light coloured carpets, even through the underlay or cushion. If there is any gaps under the skirting these will need to be filled with flexible filler. These details should be marked on the carpet measuring plan

Making your plans and marking down your figures are very important, more measurements are better then too few,

So far we have dealt with the simple shaped area, and the general detail applicable to all measuring jobs, We will now consider some of the more common irregularities.

The drawing Fig 4 show curved areas, squared off to get the curve measurements, this is possible on raised area, but with a round bay window and bigger curves Fig 5 shows show to section the curve. Measure the base AB find the centre point C then mark in a line CD at the right angles AB. Join AD, DB. Mark off AD into 12 inches or 300 millimeters units and the odd few units. From each unit draw a line to the curve wall and not the length on the plan. Be particularly careful to mark in at which end of AD you have left the odd inches or millimeters units. Repeat for DB. Templates for curved areas can be made with thick paper patterns for more detail see attached box on the right at the bottom of the page.

*Measuring Hall Stairs & Landings for Luxury Carpet *

*More about Measuring Irregular Shaped Areas for Luxury Carpet*

In measuring irregular shaped rooms, areas or whose walls are not parallel, the person who measures must resort to a simple layout procedures in order to square the room to provide points from which measurements may be taken. Your objective is to mark off the room as though all corners were square so that you will then have one or more small triangles left over and then deal with them separately.

A simple method of squaring off a room where the opposite walls are not parallel as in Fig 6 is as follows

1. - Measure AB and divide by two, this locates midpoint E.

2. - At G any point on BC mark the point F so that FG is equal to BE. Care to be taken so that FG is at right angles to BC.

3. - Strike a chalk line from E to H carefully bisecting point F.

4. - Find J, the midpoint of BC.

5. - From points K and L equidistant from J swing arcs on tape line intersecting at M.

6. - Strike a chalk line from J to M carefully bisecting point M. Points have now been established from which measurements may be taken.

Where walls are bevelled then the following steps could be taken see Fig 7,

1. - Angkor a line at A. With A as a square swing a arc using tape line exactly six feet so that it cuts AC at F.

2. - With A as centre swing arc using tape line exactly eight feet so that it cuts AD and extends into area to be measured.

3. - With F as centre swing a arc using a tape line exactly ten feet intersecting the eight foot arc at E

4. - Mark a line from A to B carefully bisecting the point where two arcs intersect E. This procedure squares corner A. Note: To forming a square you use a multiple of 3-4-5 in a triangle. i.e. draw a 3 foot arc one side 5 foot and the other 4 foot, draw the lines together then you will see a square. In this case should the lengths 6, 8, 10 foot be too large or small for your purpose in any particular case, use the same ratio of 3, 4 and 5 feet to one another.

5. - Spit the area up to triangles from the development of the right angles along BA and add the measurements.

Our favorite and more simple way is to reduce all the the area into triangles, link each triangle and measure them separately ABC - BCD - AEC - CDE and so on right around the room or area. Remember to add cross measurements making sure they are linked to key points. more measurements are better then less measurements

*Idea to Measure Oval or Circular Shaped Room for Luxury Carpet*

When measuring oval or circular shaped rooms as in Fig 9 it is necessary to establish the long axis of the room. This is accomplished and considering if a logo, medallion or a centre design. First you need to square off the room.

1. - Make a chalk ine from A to B along axis of the room, exactly one half of the length this will represent the centre of the room

2. - Erect a line at right angles to line AB at point C. From point C swing equal arcs 3 and 4 intersecting at points F and G.

3. - Strike a line HJ so that it bisects points F C and G, Line HFCG is now at right angles to line ADCEB.

4. - Proceed to set in a rectangle KLNM as large as possible. Distance KL must equal MN and KM must equal LN. Be sure corners of rectangle touch walls of the room.

5. - Mark off around the rectangle KLNM intervals of not more then one foot six inches.

6. - Mark a line at right angles from interval marked to wall of room. Point have now been established from which all necessary measurements may be taken.

*Layout Pçmay be of Value when Measuring for Luxury Carpet *

Constructing a line at right angles to another line, as in Fig 10, is a procedure that is used in order to construct two lines that are at right angles to one another.

1. - Let C be the point on line AB to which a line is to be constructed at right angles.

2. - With any radius and C as centre swing arc 1 and 2 cutting AB at points D and E.

3. - With any radius greater then CD and with D and E as centres respectively, swing arc 3 and 4.

4. - Connect points GCF and line GCF is at right angles to line ADCEB.

Constructing a line at right angles to another line from a point not on the line as in Fig 11.

1. - Let AB be the line to which another line passing through point P is to be constructed at right angle.

2. - Swing an arc with a radius greater than the distance from P to AB with P as centre cutting AB at points C and D.

3. - With C and D as centres swing equal arcs 1 and 2 intersecting at point E.

4. - Connect points P and E then EP is at right angles to ACDB.

Once and while the client may want to see how the area of their Bespoke Luxury Ellipse Rug will look in their room. This is how you do it in Fig 12. To describe an ellipse whose diameters or axes are 12 and 18 feet respectively draw a line AB equal to the longest axis 12 feet bisect and draw a line CD through the bisecting point. On this line lay off the length of the short axis half on each side from AB Take half the length of the diameter on your tape as a radius and with the points C or D as centre describe an arc cutting AB in X and Y. Place , anchor at point X or Y also one in C or D. Fasten the end of an inelastic cord or string to the anchor point at X bring it around the anchor point C pull it taut at C and replace it with a pencil or piece of chalk and keeping a steady tension on the string move the pencil as far as possible first on one then on the other side of the diameter and trace the elliptic curve,